Welcome back to Science Fair, Bwog’s weekly roundup of science events happening around campus. As always, email science@bwog.com if you want your event featured.

Optimization Opportunities in Human-in-the-loop Systems

  • Monday, April 25, 2022. 11:30 am to 12:30 pm.
  • Online and Milstein 402. Registration required.
  • “This talk will discuss our ongoing projects, recent research results, and impacts that investigate a variety of optimization opportunities inside such HIL systems, considering the roles and responsibilities of three key stakeholders – humans (workers), machines (algorithms), and platforms (online infrastructure where the work takes place). Following that, the talk will briefly discuss how this ongoing research is well aligned in the context of the future-of-work.” More information here.

Hybrid Seminar – Judith Frydman

  • Monday, April 25, 2022. 12 pm.
  • Online or 601 Fairchild. Email biology@columbia.edu for the Zoom link.
  • “A complex network of molecular chaperones facilitate protein folding and assembly and monitor all aspects of protein homeostasis. Chaperones assist the folding of newly translated and stress-denatured proteins, as well as affects protein quality control. Our research investigates the mechanisms and pathways by which chaperones carry out these diverse functions.” More information here.

Keith Wailoo – Pushing Cool: Big Tobacco, Racial Marketing, and the Untold Story of the Menthol Cigarette

  • Monday, April 25, 2022. 6:15 to 7:30 pm.
  • Online.
  • “Police put Eric Garner in a fatal chokehold for selling cigarettes on a New York City street corner. George Floyd was killed by police outside a store in Minneapolis known as “the best place to buy menthols.” Black smokers overwhelmingly prefer menthol brands such as Kool, Salem, and Newport. All of this is no coincidence. The disproportionate Black deaths and cries of “I can’t breathe” that ring out in our era—because of police violence, COVID-19, or menthol smoking—are intimately connected to a post-1960s history of race and exploitation.” More information here and here.

Historical and Climatic Perspectives on Persistent Drought in East Africa

  • Tuesday, April 26, 2022. 5:45 – 7 pm.
  • Online and Fayerweather 513. Registration required.
  • “This event will present one approach to collaboration between a historian and paleoclimatologist that draws on evidence from lakes in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania, from new high-resolution paleoclimatological products that offer annual reconstructions of the hydroclimate drawing on proxies, and from oral traditions societies in the region.” More information here.

How Censorship Turned COVID-19 into an Assault on Truth

  • Tuesday, April 26, 2022. 6 to 7 pm.
  • Online. Registration required.
  • “One overlooked aspect of COVID-19 is that autocrats around the world—in China, Russia, Egypt, Iran, Brazil, India, and the Trump White House—have used the pandemic to censor information and flood the airwaves with lies, in the name of crisis management. As a result, democratic institutions and governance across the globe have vastly deteriorated, and the effects may be felt long after the pandemic is over. This panel will discuss how to use the pandemic experience to strengthen our information ecosystem—and restore trust in our democratic institutions worldwide.” More information here and here.

Fabiola López-Durán, “A Clinical Landscape: Crafting the Healthy (Re)Productive Body in Modern Argentina”

  • Tuesday, April 26, 2022. 6:30 to 8 pm.
  • Online and Schermerhorn 807. Registration required.
  • “The talk exposes a preoccupation with health, hygiene, fresh air, cleanliness, sunlight, productivity and “whiteness” in the writings and practices of technocrats, physicians, industrialists and architects alike, which has been surprisingly ignored in studies of (landscape) architectural modernism.” More information here and here.

Terrestrial Impact from the Passage of the Solar System through a Cold Cloud a Few Million Years Ago

  • Wednesday, April 27, 2022. 4:05 to 5:05 pm.
  • Pupin 1402.
  • “The effect of Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) on Earth’s atmosphere and climate is still uncertain. Although the interaction with molecular clouds was previously considered, the terrestrial impact of compact cold clouds was neglected.”…“Here we show, with a state-of the art simulation that incorporate all the current knowledge about the heliosphere that if the solar system passed through a cloud such as Local Leo Cold Cloud, then the heliosphere which protects the solar system from interstellar particles, must have shrunk to a scale smaller than the Earth’s orbit around the Sun (0.22AU).” More information here.

Gentle Touch: How the Brain Perceives Touch and What It Can Teach Us About Autism

  • Wednesday, April 27, 2022. 6 to 7 pm.
  • Online. Registration required.
  • “How do our brains perceive the sensation of touch? Why do we crave some types of touch and find it rewarding? And why do some individuals find the same touch aversive?” More information here.

Energy with a War Next Door: Europe’s Balancing Act

  • Thursday, April 28, 2022. 12-1 pm.
  • Online and Faculty House. Registration required.
  • “No one knows how or when Russia’s war in Ukraine will end, but already it has left indelible marks on the energy and climate policies of the European Union. Europe intends to restrict Russian energy imports over the course of 2022, and may move away from them entirely in the longer term. As pressure builds on governments, energy providers, and consumers, this fireside chat discusses Europe’s plans to manage the current crisis.” More information here.

Elizabeth Alexander – Dr. Lorna M. Breen Lecture

  • Thursday, April 28, 2022. 4 to 6 pm.
  • Online and ​​William Black Medical Research Building (Alumni Auditorium). Registration here.
  • “Elizabeth Alexander will focus on the unique and powerful experience of health care workers who “sit with life and death.” Honoring Lorna Breen’s legacy, Elizabeth Alexander will reflect on the consequences of this work on ideas such as power, purpose, and pain and discuss the need for personal healing and recovery among health care professionals.” More information here.

Shedding Light on the Use of Population Descriptors in Clinical Genetics

  • Friday, April 29, 2022. 12 to 1 pm.
  • Online. Registration required.
  • “Question: How is information about patient race, ethnicity, and ancestry on clinical laboratory requisition forms used in your work? In clinical genetics more broadly? Goal: Understand context for race, ethnicity, and ancestry on clinical lab requisition form.” More information here and here.

Science Fair – Bird in the Vacuum via Bwarchives